Pure Relief: All Your CBD Needs in One PlaceWe have a huge selection of CBD hemp oil, topical relief creams, gummies, and hemp flower available for purchase on our website so that you can get the type of CBD product that best suits your specific wellness needs, even if you are new to hemp and are not sure how to take CBD. All our products are made with organic, hemp-derived CBD and crafted with all-natural ingredients for enhanced support. Moreover, all products are tested at third-party laboratories to ensure they meet the highest industry standards for quality, safety, and purity. Whether you order CBD oil, CBD gummies, or any other products from our line, you can rest assured you will be getting the best hemp-derived CBD products available today. Pure Relief has been featured in renowned publications, such as Healthline, Business Insider, Buzzfeed, and more. Our products were even included in the gift bags at this year's ESPY Awards!
CBD OilOur best-selling CBD oils are available in a variety of strengths and flavors. Wondering how to take CBD oil? It’s easy! These can be used as an oral supplement, taken sublingually, or applied topically. You can even mix them into foods and beverages, like smoothies, for easier consumption. They are made from the highest quality hemp oil for maximum potency and effectiveness, without any additives like artificial flavors, colors, or preservatives.
CBD GummiesCBD gummies are a great way to supplement your daily CBD intake. They are made from natural ingredients like organic cane sugar and fresh fruit juice to give you a full serving of vitamins with every bite, in addition to all the natural benefits of CBD. For those who prefer the convenience of taking their supplements in edible form or don't want the earthy taste that comes along with natural CBD, our Pure Relief gummies are the best way to take CBD!
Ignite Delta 8 GummiesOur newest gummy product contains a strong concentration of the hemp compound known as delta-8. This compound is considered a more potent version of CBD, with many comparing its effects to a mild version of THC. Our delta-8 gummies are available in a wide array of delicious flavors, including mango, strawberry, blueberry, and more.
CBD CreamsIf you struggle with physical discomfort from your daily routine, workouts, or injuries, topical CBD may help promote relief. Our CBD topical products are available in a variety of skin-friendly formulas, including salves and roll-on applicators. The natural anti-inflammatory properties of CBD can help reduce tension related to muscles and joints, so you can recover faster and get back to your most active life.
Hemp FlowerOur flower offers CBD in its most natural form. Flower products are not only rich in CBD, but they also contain all the beneficial compounds found naturally in hemp. A great product for those who prefer inhalable products like joints and pipes. Our flower is from the USA and grown organically to guarantee the best possible quality with every purchase.
Find More in Our StoreOur collection offers a unique line of CBD products that's too diverse to have every single item listed in this post. If you are serious about your CBD experience, we strongly recommend that you visit our online CBD store to find the best CBD solution for your needs. And don't forget to take advantage of our exclusive CBD Day blowout sale through August 16th! If you still have questions like how much CBD oil to take or the best time to take CBD oil, check out our CBD blog section to learn more.
What Are Terpenes?“What is a terpene?” “What are terpenes?” “What do terpenes do?” “Are terpenes weed?” As a lesser-discussed botanical element, terpenes can generate a lot of confusion, especially when it comes to CBD. However, terpenes are found in and produced by almost all plants, not just in hemp. Terpenes are the organic compounds that give plants their scent, smell, and many of their medicinal properties. You may be familiar with terpenes from using essential oils, scented candles, naturally flavored foods, or more. For instance, if you’ve ever smelled a jasmine flower, peeled orange, or a pine-scented car freshener, you’ve already made good use of terpenes. Plants produce terpenes as a part of their immune systems. They protect plants against harsh weather and work to keep off invasive insects, bacteria, and fungi. Terpenes are widely praised for their antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and sometimes antiviral properties. Terpenes help plants, but they also have positive impacts on humans and animals. While terpenes are not psychoactive in the way THC is, many of these compounds affect the body and mind and are considered bioactive. Some terpenes, such as curcumin, naturally occurring in turmeric, have long been used in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory. Like the phytoncides found in conifer trees, others have beneficial effects on the lungs and mind, as studies of Japanese forest bathing have shown. Terpenes are not exclusive to specific plants. Different herbs, spices, and plants will often share strains of terpenes that give them similar scents or properties. For instance, linalool, a terpene that gives lavender its distinctive soothing fragrance, is also found in some varieties of cannabis, as well as sweet basil, sweet orange, and bay leaves. Linalool is even used as an additive in some cleaning and beauty products because of its de-stressing and lightly insecticidal qualities.
Cannabis TerpenesWhen you think of terpenes in weed or hemp, you might think of different strains of the cannabis plant. However, all hemp plants have terpenes. Terpene distribution does not necessarily depend on Sativa leaf or Indica varieties. Terpenes are produced within the hemp plant using specialized hairs, called trichomes. Trichomes are located on both the stems and leaves of the plant and usually run along the surface. They are responsible for creating the plant’s resin and give cannabis its distinctive musky odor and flavor. Some of the factors that influence the development of different terpenes in cannabis are:
- Harvest time
- Age of the plant
Terpenes ChartBecause there are around 120 currently known terpenes in hemp plants, with more still being discovered, creating a complete list of terpenes is a complex undertaking. However, using a terpene chart can help growers and buyers identify certain strains, and decide which will have the best effects for them. Additionally, finding CBD with a high terpenes-to-cannabis ratio may be more effective than selecting a CBD isolate.
Terpenes CannabinoidsYou may be wondering why all the fuss about terpenes when what you’re searching for is the relief provided by CBD, the other compound in hemp. However, research shows that whole-plant therapy may be the most effective way to absorb CBD into the body. Terpenes play a valuable role in helping CBD communicate with the body’s endocannabinoid system to provide maximum saturation, and thus maximum relief. This idea is known as the “entourage effect.” Research has encouraged the use of broad or full-spectrum CBD, meaning CBD that retains its natural terpenes, as a way to best absorb the benefits of CBD. Some full-spectrum CBD oils even retain trace amounts of THC, though not enough to produce any psychoactive effects. CBD use for mood disorders and epilepsy shows that using full-spectrum CBD may allow the total benefits of CBD to react within the body and brain. By contrast, CBD isolate, the most refined version of CBD, may not be as completely absorbed by the body and may not be as effective as taking a full-spectrum CBD.
Pure Relief CBDIf you’re looking to take advantage of the natural terpenes in CBD and want the benefits of a full-spectrum product, Pure Relief offers CBD smokeables, edibles, oils, and tinctures. All Pure Relief products are cultivated from U.S.-grown plants and are lab tested for quality and purity. Pure Relief CBD oils are available in different strengths, sizes, and flavors, so you can select the experience that’s best for you. Even the lightest concentration oil, at 17 mg of CBD per dose, still offers the full benefits of cannabis terpenes within every drop. Pure Relief products make use of this natural synergy, delivering a CBD experience that provides the benefit of the entire plant.
TakeawayMany terpenes support wellness, promote relaxation, and ease inflammation. Cannabis terpenes are known for the additional benefit of contributing to the entourage effect, allowing CBD to interact most effectively within the body’s endocannabinoid system. For full-spectrum CBD products that naturally deliver the complete benefits of the plant, Pure Relief offers a wide variety of oils, tinctures, smokeables, and edibles to help you get the relief you seek.
The Effects of CBDCannabidiol (CBD) is a natural compound found in cannabis plants alongside tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an active ingredient in cannabis. Unlike THC, however, CBD does not have psychoactive properties, meaning that it does not cause you to feel high. While cannabis has been used for various medicinal purposes in the past, scientists have only recently begun to explore CBD products and their properties. In fact, scientists have identified a system of receptors in our body called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is largely responsible for maintaining the body’s inner balance. Current research suggests that CBD may have potential health benefits, including helping with anxiety, sleep, pain management, and even improving the health of your skin. Not everyone reacts to CBD in the same way, and the reason for that is because humans have a variety of genetic mutations that change how the individual reacts to CBD. The exact ways that our bodies respond to CBD are still being studied.
The Effects of AlcoholAlcohol has been consumed throughout much of history, and today, we have more options than ever when it comes to getting a drink. Alcohol does not affect everyone the same way, and people who drink more frequently are more likely to be able to drink more. Different types of alcohol will also impact your body in different ways. Different types of alcohol include beer, wine, and hard liquor such as vodka, tequila, rum, whiskey, and moonshine.
Prior Research About CBD and AlcoholA study published in 1979 in the Journal of Psychopharmacology examined ten volunteers who were either given CBD and alcohol, alcohol and a placebo, CBD and orange juice, or alcohol alone. The results revealed that participants who took CBD and alcohol showed lower blood alcohol levels, though there were no notable differences in motor skills.
So, What Happens When You Mix CBD and Alcohol?The answers vary depending on several factors, including:
- Your Alcohol Tolerance: Some people are very sensitive to alcohol and will feel profound, long-term effects after just one drink. Other people may be able to enjoy multiple drinks without feeling significantly impaired.
- Your Alcohol of Choice: When comparing alcoholic drinks, they are not all equal, and neither are their effects. For example, if you choose to have a glass of beer, the effects may be different if compared to having a glass of wine or even a glass of scotch. Your own experience with the type of alcohol and your experience in drinking also play a role.
- Your Alcohol Amount: Whatever type of alcohol you choose to consume when mixing it with CBD, quantity matters. Sure, you might select beer or wine because the percentage of alcohol is relatively low. However, if you consume several six-packs of beer or several bottles of wine, you may still experience a feeling of intoxication that is similar to having multiple drinks with hard liquor or numerous shots.
- Your CBD Sensitivity: As with alcohol, some people are more tolerant to CBD, and some are less tolerant. Your CBD sensitivity can depend on a variety of factors, such as genetics and previous CBD use.
- Your Choice of CBD: While CBD can be isolated as an oil, tincture, or even a food additive, it can also be enjoyed when vaping or smoking cannabis. If you choose to enjoy CBD via cannabis, you will likely also experience a high from THC, which may lead to additional effects.
- Your Individual Biology: This includes your CBD tolerance and your alcohol tolerance. Your ability to tolerate CBD and alcohol together will depend on your tolerance for both substances. For instance, if you are sensitive to alcohol and have had multiple drinks, you might feel drunk. This doesn’t mean that the CBD isn’t working; it just means that you have more alcohol in your system, and you are feeling that above other things. On the other hand, certain types of CBD oils might make you feel soberer.
When to Talk to a DoctorIf you are using CBD to treat a medical condition, you should always ask your doctor about mixing. Again, the effects of mixing CBD and alcohol are not very well known. However, studies have given medical professionals some data, and your doctor might be able to anticipate or at least have an idea of how CBD and alcohol might mix.
Safety Tips to Keep in MindIf you happen to mix CBD and alcohol, there are a few tips to keep in mind:
- Make Sure You are Safe: This means ensuring that you have people around you that you can trust, especially if you are mixing for the first time. Likewise, you will want to talk to your doctor if you are taking CBD for a medical condition.
- Start Slow: Because cross-reaction varies, make sure that you go easy on both the CBD and the alcohol when you first start mixing the two substances. It is better to feel a little less than to be overwhelmed.
- Mixing alcohol and CBD can be tricky.
- Science has a limited understanding of how CBD and alcohol will react together.
- Your individual reaction depends on various factors, such as your tolerance for alcohol and how you choose to inject CBD.
Why Do People Pay So Much for CBD Products?CBD is expensive not only because of the compound's various potential health benefits but also what goes into making the products. People rely on CBD products for conditions and complications from inflammation and pain to stress and sleep difficulties. CBD may seem like an expensive natural supplement, but there’s a reason for that. For starters, many productions and quality control costs go into creating a concentrated and safe CBD product. Unlike CBD products, other dietary supplements simply do not need all those extra costs. Below are some factors affecting the price of CBD products.
Manufacturing Plays a Role in PricingTo get an idea of what goes into making a CBD-infused product, it helps to know a thing or two about the manufacturing process, which is the primary reason why the oil costs so much. Some lower-priced brands buy hemp imported from overseas, which in most cases is contaminated with heavy metals from the farm producing it. Reliable CBD manufacturers purchase their hemp in the USA or grow their own. The origin of the hemp used accounts for a lot of the costs. The most reliable CBD companies source their hemp plants from U.S farms. Since the new Farm Bill laws regulate hemp farming standards, nationally-grown hemp is the most reliable option for quality CBD products and the most expensive. Organically-grown hemp will cost manufacturers more, especially USDA-certified organic hemp.
Extraction Method Factors Into Why CBD Is So ExpensiveThere are multiple extraction techniques when it comes to formulating CBD products. Co2 extraction has proven to be the most expensive technique and the only one to yield a clean solvent-free product. Some manufacturers use ethanol extraction techniques, where there is no way to effectively remove traces of solvents and other pollutants in the oil. An added advantage of the Co2 extraction process is regulating the process’s temperature to target particular cannabinoids. That's why some Co2 extracted products contain higher CBD concentrations yet still remain safe because there is no risk of contaminants in the final product.
Labor Intensive ProcessLabor is another element buyers don’t really think about when looking at the price of something. Manufacturing hemp products is labor-intensive and time-consuming. There are many steps to the extraction process, each taking up an enormous amount of time. Besides extraction, there is the growing season and several days of collecting that add to the labor.
Potency and Type of CBD ExtractWhile products with more concentrated CBD are typically pricier, they provide the most value and benefits. Similar to buying napkins in bulk to save money, you can get more value for your money in the long run if you purchase a potent CBD product. Moreover, the type of CBD they use in the product will affect the price as well. For example, a full-spectrum CBD product may be more expensive than a CBD isolate product that has passed through extra refinement processes to filter out health-boosting compounds such as other cannabinoids and terpenes. NOTE: Full-spectrum products may deliver an entourage effect that may improve your overall health and provide more benefits.
Independent TestingIf you get your CBD products at a local dispensary, they most likely haven't been tested by a third-party lab. This independent testing provides conclusive evidence of safety, quality, and transparency for the brand and its products. However, this post-production process doesn't come cheap and usually costs more if the company opts for rigorous testing (which leads to a pricier final product).
Added IngredientsThe natural wellness industry is becoming increasingly competitive. CBD manufacturers are coming up with new products containing premium ingredients and all different natural flavors to differentiate themselves from other brands. Doing so raises the final price of the product but allows for a better, more beneficial outcome. If you’re committed to getting an organic CBD product, be ready to spend extra, but it's going to be worth it.
Know What's in Your ProductIf you’re set on purchasing CBD products online, there are many brands and even more products to choose from. Apart from oils, you have access to capsules, edibles, creams, vape pens, lip balms; you name it. With all these brands to consider, the natural wellness space can seem like a complicated and overcrowded marketplace with an awful lot of products and prices to filter through. It doesn't have to be! Now that you know how these products are made and how much they cost, the choice will be a conscious one. Besides, if it works for you, then you got your money's worth.
TakeawayUnlike other supplements, hemp products, in general, are heavily taxed. Besides production process costs, manufacturers need to pay for independent lab testing and the added ingredients infused in their oils for increased benefits. All of this contributes to a final product that may seem expensive for what it is. So, there you have it. There are several reasons why CBD products are not inexpensive. Whether you order our CBD oils, CBD gummies, or CBD creams, you can rest assured that you will be getting the best value for your money at Pure Relief. Check out our blog page for more helpful CBD guides:
CBD Interaction With MedicationAre you familiar with the grapefruit test? Many prescription medications will bear grapefruit warnings on the package, advising against eating the citrus fruit while taking the drug. Most medications are broken down in the small intestine and the liver by a group of proteins called cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs). Through this process, the medication's benefits are delivered to the intended destination. Grapefruit meddles with this activity and slows the breakdown process. The fruit also enhances the side effects and duration of the drug in a person's system. One 2013 study revealed that grapefruit could increase blood content levels when mixed with at least 80 different medications. The reported results were critical, including organ failure, irregular heartbeat, internal bleeding, and even death. The quality, variety, and purity of CBD all play a part in how it will interact with your body and your medication. Furthermore, the timing of when the CBD is taken along with any other drug will tell how they interact in your body. And of course, because every individual is different and reacts to medications differently, depending on age, weight, and other factors, your experience might be different. Let's explore the current research on CBD's interaction with some of the most common over-the-counter medications.
What Drugs Should Not Be Taken With CBD
CBD and IbuprofenIbuprofen is an anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAID) that subdues pain as well as inflammation in the body. Because ibuprofen has a risk of blood-thinning, it can cause shortness of breath, dizziness, and nausea. Potentially, CBD may extend the duration and concentration of ibuprofen in the body, thereby increasing the intensity of the side effects. While no human studies to date cover CBD's interaction with NSAIDs specifically, two studies conducted on rodents in 2006 and 2008 suggest that other cannabinoids (not CBD) may work in tandem with NSAIDs like ibuprofen to intensify the pain-reducing effect.
CBD and WarfarinWarfarin (Coumadin) is an anticoagulant (blood thinner) drug used to stop the development of fatal blood clots that could lead to heart attacks or strokes. Warfarin's side effects include bleeding, severe headaches, swelling, or pain in extremities. A study published in Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports revealed that CBD enhances the effects of blood-thinning drugs by slowing down how the body metabolizes the medication and thereby extending its presence in the body. By prolonging the duration of warfarin in the body, CBD could potentially worsen some of the adverse side effects.
CBD and MetoprololMetoprolol is a beta-blocker taken to manage high blood pressure by reducing the heart rate and adjusting the discharge of epinephrine, the hormone linked to stress, and other processes. Yes, beta-blockers reduce blood pressure but sometimes produce adverse side effects, such as nausea, dizziness, heartburn, stomach pain, and cold hands and feet. While no current published studies cover the potential interactions between CBD and metoprolol, some placebo-controlled research has linked CBD with lowered blood pressure when taken individually. For people taking metoprolol, the combination with CBD could have adverse consequences on blood pressure.
CBD and MetforminMetformin is a prescribed medication for type 2 diabetes to help manage blood sugar levels. Side effects of metformin range from low blood sugar and nausea to diarrhea and vomiting. While one 2006 study showed that CBD oil reduced the incidence of diabetes in some animals, very little research has explicitly covered CBD as a potential treatment for diabetes or the compound's interactions with the Metformin. More research is still needed on CBD's interaction with diabetes and Metformin. Patients taking Metformin should talk to their physician before incorporating CBD in their diet.
CBD and PlavixPlavix, better known by its brand name clopidogrel, is commonly prescribed for people suffering from or are prone to have a heart attack. The drug works by preventing blood platelets from developing clots in arteries near the heart. According to a 2011 study, it is possible that CBD may produce an inhibitory effect on the protein that metabolizes Plavix. This could cause Plavix to linger longer in the system and minimize the intended results. Further research is needed to conclude whether CBD could lower Plavix's effectiveness in stopping heart attacks.
Can Caffeine Counteract CBD?CBD and caffeine are both growing in popularity, especially when infused. Many people rely on caffeine for its energy boost and to help them stay awake. You'd think that when mixed with CBD, it would counteract the desired effects. Surprisingly, a 2007 study on rodents showed that caffeine is metabolized by CYP enzymes, which CBD represses. This could lead to an extension of caffeine’s duration in the body and could potentially extend the stimulating effects of caffeine as well.
TakeawayCBD’s safety profile is grounded in research, confirming that it is well-tolerated and safe to use. CBD is a complex compound that has a penetrating impact on a wide variety of bodily systems, making it such an efficient therapeutic alternative for so many common conditions. At the same time, it is important to remember that CBD may also interact with other drugs you're currently taking (not mentioned on this list). That's why CBD should be administered with care and prudence.
Where Does CBD Come From?CBD is a component found in all cannabis plants. It’s one of only a few active compounds, along with THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive component of marijuana. THC molecules and CBD molecules have the same molecular formula but a different structure, meaning they are chemically related but fundamentally different. That’s why THC will cause a high (with some potential for health benefits), while CBD has supportive physiological benefits without mind-altering effects.
- There are three main cannabis varieties: Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis.
- The first two can be classified as marijuana, while the latter may be classified as hemp, suited for industrial purposes.
- In general, Sativa is high in THC and low in CBD;
- Indica has higher CBD levels and lowers THC;
- Hemp has negligible THC amounts, but American hemp farmers can grow it for harvestable CBD content.
Does CBD Oil Have THC in It?There are two answers here. Generally speaking, across America, CBD oil comes from hemp plants. They can contain up to 0.3% THC content. Some don’t have that much, but less reputable CBD vendors might exceed that threshold. You should always try to buy CBD that’s been third-party tested. At Pure Relief, you can find individual lab results for each product. In states where marijuana is legal, CBD oil may certainly have THC in it. It would depend on whether it was derived from hemp or derived marijuana. You’d be likely to find CBD with THC at a physical dispensary; most CBD sold online comes from hemp and is low in THC.
Is CBD With THC Legal?The 2018 version of the Farm Bill -- annual agricultural legislature -- declassified hemp and hemp-derived products as a banned substance. So, if you’ve got hemp CBD and there’s less than 0.3% of THC, it’s federally legal. CBD with high levels of THC is only legal, where marijuana is legal.
Will CBD Make Me Fail a Drug Test?Mostly no. Taking CBD isn’t likely to trigger a positive when testing for marijuana. The tests look for THC, and the amounts in CBD are below the threshold for testing.
- However, with regular longtime usage, you may accumulate excess THC in your body.
- It’s still unlikely you would accumulate so much that you’d test positive, but it is something to consider. Don’t worry -- there are still options for you, and we’ll look at them below.
- An employer can still test for CBD, specifically, if they want to. The tests do exist. Just like testing for prescription opioids, legality isn’t always the concern.
- But since CBD isn’t illegal, mind-altering, or particularly sedative (a concern in operating machinery, for example), most employers won’t spend time and money adding it to their drug panel.
Can You Buy Non-THC CBD Oil?Absolutely! There are three types of CBD: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Two of these varieties are THC-free.
- Full-spectrum CBD is extracted from the plant and pretty much left intact. All of the compounds found in cannabis (plant-based compounds called terpenes and cannabis-specific compounds called cannabinoids) will be present, including that 0.3% THC.
- Broad-spectrum CBD removes the THC content but leaves in a few other terpenes and cannabinoids. The specific ones vary, so you need to check the lab results, but you’ll need a cannabinoid chart to interpret them!
- CBD isolate is precisely what it sounds like. Just CBD, isolated from everything else.
CBD Without THC: Is It Effective?You may be wondering if medical marijuana has both CBD and THC in it, and it works -- is CBD effective If you take THC out?
- Whether the CBD is full, broad, or isolated, there isn’t enough THC in it to create a tangible effect. Full-spectrum still won’t be analogous to high-CBD weed. However, CBD and THC both bind to our bodies’ cannabinoid receptors to produce similar positive effects.
- What is true is that the presence of other cannabinoids amplifies CBD’s effects. They all have semi-unique functions, and when they work together, they work more effectively. This is called the entourage effect.
- THC in CBD can be helpful, but it’s not necessary. Broad-spectrum attempts to split the difference. At Pure Relief, there’s a little something for everyone to try. We offer potent full-spectrum CBD oils and tasty THC-free gummies.
Can You Smoke CBD?Another difference between weed and CBD is that everyone knows you usually smoke weed, but CBD usually comes in oil or gummy form. But yes, you can smoke CBD, too!
- Because the hemp itself contains a lot of CBD and only a little THC, you can use the whole plant.
- Hemp flower is used to make joints, and at Pure Relief, we offer raw hemp flower you can roll yourself. If you’re more of an e-cig person, look for vape cartridges and disposable pens for smoking CBD oil -- never try smoking CBD oil out of a non-smokable tincture.
- The benefits of smoking CBD are also unique versus oil and edibles. It’s a highly effective method because inhalation gets CBD into your bloodstream more quickly.
- Not only will it take effect more quickly, but the same amount will be more potent inhaled than eaten. When you consume CBD orally, some of it is metabolized through digestion before it ever gets into your blood.
Are There THC Oils?You may have heard CBD oil casually called weed oil once or twice. It doesn’t take a giant mental leap to figure out why someone might make that mistake. But that’s never the appropriate term because yes, THC oil also exists.
- Compared to the booming cannabidiol industry, THC oil is like a niche product. As we just discussed, people love smoking their weed and not consuming it as an oil. But you could probably bake some killer edibles with it.
- It’s only going to be available where marijuana is legal, but just like CBD with high THC levels, you’ll likely be able to find it at dedicated cannabis dispensaries.
TakeawayWe hope you now have a better understanding of the often misunderstood CBD. This was only a small sampling of some common questions. And we didn’t even start to touch on the benefits of CBD. So, if you’re still looking for more information, check out the Pure Relief blog, and if you’re looking for more products, head over to the Pure Relief shop.
The use of CBD for the treatment of various conditions has increased significantly in the last few years. Specifically, CBD has been found to have potential benefits against conditions such as insomnia. Today, we're going to go over what CBD is and how it may impact your sleep and body.
Millions of Americans have difficulty falling and staying asleep. Many rely on over-the-counter and prescribed sleep aids, which often contain many warning markers and unwanted side effects. Moreover, they can get addictive and ineffective in the long run.
Enter CBD! CBD can act on receptors throughout the body and enhance a very important biological system known as the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for many physiological processes, such as the body’s hormone levels, sleep/wake cycles, immune system, and pain reaction.
The effects of CBD on sleeplessness vary based on a person’s biological build and tolerance to certain substances. But for people looking for a potential treatment for sleep complications, CBD is a non-addictive, safe alternative to over-the-counter drugs that presents promising results for those battling insomnia.
Research on CBD Oil for Sleep
Before we dive into whether or not CBD can promote better sleep, we first have to know what causes restlessness. Many factors can cause you to sleep poorly. Insomnia can be caused by:
- Mental health complications like anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Personal medication can disrupt your sleep-wake cycle
- Physical conditions like chronic pain
- Caffeine, especially when taken late in the afternoon
- External factors, such as a noisy room or an uncomfortable bed
CBD and Sleep - How to Do it?
There are many ways to take CBD for sleep. If you didn't already know, it comes in many different forms, including:
- Vape pens
- CBD Edibles, like gummies
- Drinks, like tea
Generally, vaping CBD is the most efficient way to go about your sleep as it gets into your system faster than other methods. However, the research on vaping CBD is not that consistent as vaping, in general, may pose respiratory complications.
The potency of CBD you use and the time of the day you should take it will depend on a number of factors. Factors such as your weight, metabolism, and the nature of your sleeping problems will influence how the CBD works and how long it will take for the effects to kick in. Keep in mind, what may work for a friend might not work for you.
Most preliminary trials on CBD and sleep have included giving the troubled sleepers anywhere between 25mg to 1,500mg of CBD per day. If you're new to CBD, it’s best to start with a moderate dosage and progressively increase it until you find something that truly works for you.
Much of the research on CBD and sleep has reported that patients will not feel an immediate difference and that it took about 30 days for the subjects to see a difference in their sleep patterns.
NOTE: Be patient; remember that it's improbable you'll get immediate results on your first few tries.
Potential Side Effects of CBD
A 2017 review observed multiple studies on the safety of CBD and concluded that it’s a fairly safe treatment. Side effects are nearly non-existent. However, you may experience some minor side effects. Some of which include:
- Shifts in appetite
- Shifts in weight
How Safe Is CBD?
Though CBD is generally considered safe, a recent study done on rodents did raise some concerns about CBD being potentially dangerous for the liver. But there is no cause for alarm. Human trials still need to be done to meet these speculations.
If you're on other medications, CBD may also interact with them and produce some undesirable effects, so it's best to speak to a doctor before committing.
Currently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn’t support the effectiveness, safety, or quality of CBD products. However, to protect users, they may take action against CBD companies that make unproven health claims. That's why we implore you to research the company's history before you buy CBD from them. Stay away from companies with no history or reviews, and opt for CBD products that have been tested by an independent party.
While CBD can be quite helpful, it’s essential to get to the source of your sleep problems before you get into the CBD world.
Pure Relief’s Nighttime Gummies
Pure Relief is a well-known CBD brand that earned international recognition for its high-quality CBD products. The company offers a range of CBD products, including Nighttime Gummies, which have users going crazy. With their sweet, fruity taste, Pure Relief's CBD Gummies are ideal for those new to CBD. Packed with 30mg of CBD per gummy, the nighttime presentation is formulated with melatonin to help you fall asleep naturally and wake refreshed. If the desired results are not delivered, you can increase your serving size to accommodate your specific needs.
When to Talk to a Doctor
Insomnia is relatively common, particularly among adults and people with other pre-existing conditions. While sleep complications can be treated with a few straightforward approaches or some simple lifestyle changes, you should see a doctor if the problem persists.
The best approach to medications depends on the type of sleeping problem, but talking to a doctor may help you solve this without having to rely on CBD at all. Bottom line: Your doctor will recommend whether or not you need medication, behavioral therapy, or a combination of both.
On the other hand, anyone who thinks that they may be relying too much on sleep aids should speak to a doctor. The same goes for people who experience adverse effects of sustained use of melatonin.
Insomnia is pretty common, and experts typically suggest lifestyle changes, sometimes in combination with prescription medications. Many people are turning to CBD as a natural alternative to solve their sleeping problems. Taking CBD for sleep appears to be safe, though research, particularly in the long term, is still very limited.
While doctors are doubtful whether CBD helps people sleep, the preliminary evidence suggests that it may improve sleep duration and quality.
A muscle strain occurs when certain tendons and muscles tear or stretch. Many injuries may strain the muscles, such as falls, unforeseen blows, overuse, and more.
No matter what causes the strain, it’s safe to say that it's a painful experience. Whether you strained your neck while looking over your shoulder too quickly or pulled a groin muscle playing soccer, understanding the source of the pain and inflammation and knowing how to treat it may help you recover more quickly. There are many options when it comes to helping you treat your muscle strain. Some of which include:
- Heat therapy
- Cold therapy
- Physical therapy
- CBD muscle strain medication
How to Treat a Pulled Muscle
Cold therapy is one of the most popular muscle strain treatments out there. When your muscle becomes strained, the fibers in the tissue get damaged. The result? Immediate, intense discomfort, soreness in the muscle tissue, and swelling in the injured area. You can help relieve these symptoms by applying cold therapy to the injury, ideally as soon as possible after it occurs.
For the maximum effectiveness, continue using cold therapy several times a day for 25-30 minutes at a time. Some of the methods you can use include:
- Cold-water baths
- Ice or gel packs
- Cold therapy systems
In most circumstances, an ice pack is the most reliable solution after an injury occurs. However, using a cold therapy system to continue your recovery may help speed the recovery process because it's a much more specialized form of treatment.
Another effective option to help tackle muscle strains is by applying pressure to the injured area. Compression helps subdue swelling as well as soreness. You can use fixed compression with elastic bandages to administer consistent pressure and help prevent further swelling.
You can also use active compression that creates a pumping effect to provide additional benefits such as helping your body get rid of excess fluid in the damaged area and improving the blood flow, which is essential for tissue restoration and healing.
CBD Topical Solution
Muscle strains can be quite uncomfortable, especially if you have injured a major muscle group. It may affect your ability to perform daily activities and limit your range of motion.
While there are many pain-relieving medications, such as aspirin and Aleve, which are a great help, some plant-based topical products may be just as good. One of these plant-based formulas can be found right here.
Pure Relief’s CBD Topicals are formulated using only the finest ingredients and full-spectrum CBD for a more potent solution and speedier recovery. This highly efficient CBD cream targets the injured area by entering the skin, delivering the soothing, anti-inflammatory benefits of CBD effectively. Also, the good thing is that CBD allergies are very rare, so this cream is also safe to use. This muscle and joint cream can also nourish your skin with the natural compounds found in the plant.
Massages help relax tight muscles and promote healthy blood flow to help repair affected tissues. A 2012 study found that a massage immediately following a strain may speed the healing process considerably. If the affected area is too sore for a massage, wait about a couple of days. When you feel ready, begin massaging the injury and muscles to help with the discomfort and improve mobility.
Like cold therapy, heat therapy may help alleviate pain following the initial blow and after swelling has receded. You can apply corrective heat with:
- Hot cloths
- Hot water bottles
- Electric hot pads
- Warm baths or hot tubs
Heat also improves blood flow, which we learned earlier may promote healing. For best results, alternate hot and cold therapy to help speed up your recovery.
If you're recovering from a muscle strain, it’s good to stay active to keep the muscles from weakening. Physical therapy can go a long way in helping promote muscle healing.
Reach out to a physical therapist. They can teach you special stretching techniques that may help you maintain flexibility and mobility. In some cases, they will have you do strengthening exercises to build up surrounding muscles to reduce the risk of another injury.
Recover Faster With CBD Muscle Strain Solution
Most strains can be treated at home with a combination of the above treatments. In most cases, with the right treatment, most people recover entirely from a muscle strain. However, if the pain doesn’t subside after a couple of days or if you are worried about a more severe injury, don't wait, seek medical attention from a doctor and try the following after you're given the green light to resume your activities.
- Avoid another injury by stretching daily.
- Stretch before and after you exercise.
- Establish a warm-up routine before vigorous exercise.
As more people discover the therapeutic properties and benefits of CBD, many wonder what method will best suit their lifestyle and choose between . CBD comes in many forms, including capsules, oils, edibles, and tinctures.
The method of ingestion makes a significant difference in how the product works, and every method has its set of benefits and drawbacks. Today, we’ll explore two of the most popular products, tinctures and oils, their differences, and similarities.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD oil (or CBD seed oil) is formulated using a delicate extraction process that extracts the oil directly from the seeds, flowers, and stalks of the hemp plant.
CBD seed oil is generally used in skincare products or food. Derived from the seed of the hemp plant, this oil has high nutritious value and pairs great with smoothies or as a healthy substitute for olive oil. Unlike CBD tincture, you can find these in many food stores.
CBD seed oil is also widely used in the beauty industry for having anti-inflammatory properties, not clogging the pores, and delivering excellent moisturization to keep the skin healthy and supple. You'll find it in many products like shampoos, lotions, conditioners, and soaps.
What Is a Tincture?
CBD tinctures are generally used in the wellness space to help enhance some of the body’s vital internal systems, such as the endocannabinoid system. Unlike CBD seed oil, CBD oil has high CBD content and traces of THC. CBD tinctures provide all the therapeutic properties of CBD without any of the euphoric effects of THC. Available in many flavors, CBD tinctures can be easily added to other food or beverages for easier consumption.
Other Types of CBD Products
CBD can be found in many forms. If you are new to CBD, but don’t let these options and varieties overwhelm you. Here’s a shortlist of the different CBD products you can find online today.
As aforementioned, CBD tinctures are uniquely designed oils that allow for maximum CBD absorption and use in the body.
Many people like to know the exact dosage of their CBD product and choose to use capsules for this reason. This type of product allows you to know exactly how much of it you're taking. Unlike the tinctures, capsules take longer to work because they have to go through the digestive system.
In combination with ingredients such as coconut oil or shea butter, CBD can be formulated topically into CBD creams or lotions that can be directly applied to the skin for anti-inflammatory support.
If CBD tinctures, topicals, or capsules are not your thing, candies and other types of CBD edibles are also available. Like capsules, edibles provide a precise amount of CBD per serving and are usually flavored for easy consumption. Unlike the oils, edibles generally take a little longer to take effect, as they have to pass through the digestive system as well.
CBD can also come in the form of raw buds and pre-rolled joints. These deliver the same soothing effects as other non-smokable CBD products. Smoking CBD acts faster than other methods, such as edibles and oils. When inhaled, CBD begins to immediately take effect, as it quickly assimilates into the brain and lungs.
How to Choose the Between CBD Oil vs. Tinctures?
There is a multitude of places you can buy CBD oil. You can find some at your local dispensary, health stores, and even online. However, before settling for one product, make sure it's from a trustworthy retailer because not all CBD products are created equal.
Many retailers offer CBD products; however, not every brand can be trusted. So how can you tell if a particular brand is trustworthy? The most reputable brands usually have the following in common:
- Lab-formulated products
- Products tested by an independent lab
- Hemp grown in the United States
- Positive reviews
- Customer service contact information
Looking for CBD Products? Contact Us Today!
Still unsure about CBD oil vs. tinctures? No worries, we've all been through it. You can always reach us by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or by calling 786-292-3848. We’d love to help you find your product! At Pure Relief, we offer you only the highest quality and safest hemp-derived CBD products on the market.
If you’re open to taking CBD oil, chances are you’re wondering, “How long does it take for CBD oil to work?” and “How long does CBD oil last in your system?” It’s a tricky question, though. There is no one concrete answer. How CBD will work for you, and how long it stays in your system, is up to a variety of factors, from tolerance and weight to method of consumption and dosage.
How Does CBD Work?
How CBD interacts with your endocannabinoid system is a large piece of the puzzle when it comes to finding the answer to questions like “ How long does it take for CBD oil to work? ” or “How fast does CBD oil work?”
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the compounds found in the cannabis plant. However, it’s often mistaken for another compound, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is responsible for the psychological “high” many users associate with cannabis. CBD will not get you high; however, it does work with your body’s endocannabinoid system to provide natural benefits.
CBD interacts with a range of proteins in both the body and central nervous system, with a critical piece taking place within the ECS. The CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors are largely responsible for interacting with the CBD. One property of CBD is its inhibition of the absorption of anandamide, a natural cannabinoid that regulates pain. CBD also interacts with other receptor proteins, such as serotonin-receptor 5-HT1A and vanilloid receptor TRPV1. Although there still is much research to be done on CBD and evidence sought after, many people believe it’s purported anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving benefits could be a result of these activations and interactions.
Methods of Consumption
There also are a few ways to consume CBD oil, and this is another puzzle piece. Before you ask, “ How long does it take for CBD oil to work? ”, you should consider how you will use the product. CBD oil can be consumed in its pure form, inhaled, or even applied topically. Pure Relief offers a few different CBD-derived products that you can look into for yourself and determine what works best for you.
One way to consume CBD oil is to put a few drops directly into your mouth. While this is both the quickest and easiest to consume it, quickly swallowing the oil also prevents CBD from immediately entering the bloodstream. Rather than absorb straight into the bloodstream, your body will first send it through the digestive tract and to the liver.
The liver breaks the CBD down before it reaches the bloodstream, sending it instead through the digestive tract and eventually on to the liver, where the CBD’s concentration is reduced before finally reaching the bloodstream.
The same goes for CBD-infused edibles, such as brownies or CBD gummies, and even adding a few drops of CBD oil to whatever you’re cooking. All ultimately will go through the digestive tract, reducing the total CBD concentration in your bloodstream. It’s a lengthy process, and it also means CBD could take a couple of hours to set in.
Similar to ingestion, CBD oil can be consumed sublingually. The user simply places a few drops under the tongue and holds it there for 30 seconds or so before swallowing it. With this method, however, CBD is absorbed by the mucous membranes located in the mouth and allows the body to skip over the initial metabolization process. This means CBD will enter your bloodstream more quickly, reducing the amount of time it takes to feel its effects.
If you hope the answer to the question “How long does it take for CBD oil to work?” is sooner rather than later, inhalation is probably one of the quickest ways to reap the effects of CBD. This includes smoking a high-CBD strain or using a CBD vape pen.
When CBD is smoked or vaped, the cannabinoids are sent directly to the lungs and rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream. That means it reaches peak concentration within minutes after consumption, making it one of the most effective ways to reap the effects of CBD quickly.
Topical CBD is applied directly to and absorbed through the skin, interacting with localized cannabinoid receptors. CBD topicals come in the form of creams and lotions and typically are used to help alleviate localized and even chronic pain. When CBD is applied topically, it can take up to an hour or two to feel its full effects.
Method of consumption often plays a significant role in determining how long does it take for CBD oil to work -- and how long it will stay in your system -- but there are other factors that can have an effect on how CBD interacts with your body.
Just as with alcohol, your weight can determine how CBD affects you. How much body fat you have plays a role in the amount of CBD needed to work effectively. Someone who weighs more likely will require more CBD to achieve their desired results. This also affects how long CBD remains in the system.
Have you ever been annoyed by someone who seems to eat like crazy and never gains a pound? Your metabolism also helps determine how long CBD stays in your system. The faster the metabolism, the shorter the amount of time CBD stays in your system. Likewise, if you have a slower metabolism, it likely will last longer.
Above all, you want to make sure you’re taking the correct dosage for your needs. It’s best to consult with a doctor or healthcare provider to decide on the ideal CBD dosage for your treatment. Plus, the dosage amount impacts how long CBD stays in your system. It always is recommended to start with a low dosage and, if needed, gradually increase it until desired results are achieved.
In summary, the answer to the question of “How long does it take for CBD oil to work?” is a weighted one. Depending on various factors, from the method of consumption and dosage to weight and metabolism, the time it takes for CBD to take effect in the body -- and how long it remains in the body -- can differ from person to person. When first starting on your journey with CBD products, it’s best to be conservative with dosage and consider your method of consumption. You know your body best, so pay attention to what it’s telling you and adjust your CBD needs accordingly.
As one of the most popular and talked-about natural supplements today, many may be tempted to give CBD a try. However, new users are often hesitant to try this hemp-derived supplement due to fears that it might cause them to fail routine drug tests and put their employment opportunities at risk. In fact, “Will CBD show up on a drug test?” is one of the most common questions we get every week.
If you are one of those wondering if there is such a thing as a CBD oil drug test, or if CBD will make you test positive, this article is for you. Here’s all you need to know about CBD and drug tests.
Why We Drug Test
Workplace drug testing practices originated in the 1980s after President Reagan signed an executive order requiring federal agencies and contractors to test their employees for illegal substances.
While other employers were not required to test their incoming employees, many began to do so under the piling pressure and financial influence of drug test manufacturers. Since then, the drug testing industry has relied on unproven arguments for drug testing, claiming it creates a safer workplace and increases productivity.
So, Does CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?
Whether or not CBD show up on a drug test is one of the most common questions regarding CBD. While CBD does not produce a “high” effect, people who have heard about CBD are often hesitant to try it due to its erroneous association with drugs like THC, which unlike CBD, does show up on a drug test.
Do Drug Tests Test for CBD?
Different industries and employers use different drug testing methods. Some methods used by employers include blood tests, mouth swab tests, hair drug tests, and the most common urine tests.
Drug tests show the presence of recreational drug residues in our systems that indicate recent use. For example, they test for certain elements in marijuana and cocaine, not necessarily the drug itself. This is why drug tests check for THC, the mind-altering compound found in marijuana. Because CBD is legal and does not elicit a high, drug tests do not check for CBD.
Does CBD Get You High?
While CBD is derived from industrial hemp, it should not be confused with marijuana. Marijuana and hemp are different varieties of cannabis, and they each have very different properties. The most significant difference between the two is that industrial hemp does not produce the mind-altering effects associated with marijuana. That’s because industrial hemp contains insignificant amounts of THC, the compound responsible for marijuana’s psychoactive properties.
Under federal regulations, industrial hemp cannot contain more than 0.03% THC, making it completely untraceable. In comparison, marijuana often contains about 15% or higher THC. Drug tests check for THC when testing for marijuana use, not CBD. So, if you purchase CBD brands that get their extracts from industrial hemp, you will not fail drug test.
Even if CBD is inhaled, it will not get users high. Regardless of the potency, there is no risk of experiencing any psychoactive effects when consuming CBD.
Can You Get Addicted to CBD?
Not only will CBD not get you high, but it won’t cause any harmful side effects either. Some users have experienced mild drowsiness with large doses of CBD, but this is not common. Most importantly, CBD is completely non-addictive and non-habit-forming, making them a safer alternative than conventional pharmaceutical medications.
Is CBD a Drug?
Even though hemp-derived CBD is distantly related to marijuana, CBD products are not considered drugs. Depending on the type of product and its intended use, there are CBD oils, smokeable raw hemp flowers , CBD edibles, etc..
Is CBD a Schedule 1 Drug?
Again, only CBD that is extracted from industrial hemp is guaranteed to have untraceable amounts of the schedule 1 drug THC. Most CBD brands online obtain their extracts from industrial hemp, but you should always make sure by reading about their extraction methods on their website. If a brand does not mention where they get their CBD from, that is a red flag.
For the purest and legal CBD extracts, look for reputable brands that are entirely transparent about their extraction methods. Leading CBD brands like Pure Relief go the extra mile for their customers by having their products tested at third-party laboratories to ensure they are 100% compliant with all industry standards and regulations.
Weight loss is often a top priority when it comes to lifestyle choices. With careers becoming more and more sedentary for the most part, keeping off the excess weight is becoming increasingly difficult all the time. Obesity is a national crisis, with the CDC reporting the prevalence of this problem at 42%. Could CBD be the answer?
CBD oil is a popular supplement for many reasons, but there are still many myths and misnomers floating around about this plant-based product. Could taking a simple oil every day replace fad diets and high-intensity training? We take a look at some of the myths surrounding CBD and weight loss.
CBD Oil Weight Loss Facts
Myth: CBD just makes you feel chilled out.
Fact: CBD products are taken for a wide range of reasons, including help with sleep, promoting better focus, and weight loss. CBD and weight loss are linked because of the effect that CBD has on the body’s endocannabinoid system.
The endocannabinoid system is made up of cannabinoid receptors, which are affected by chemicals called cannabinoids, which are produced in plants and animals. CBD is a cannabinoid, and taking it may have a positive effect on the endocannabinoid system, helping keep the body’s other systems in a state of balance known as homeostasis.
When the body has more fatty tissue, it also develops more cannabinoid receptors, meaning the CBD could, potentially, have a greater balancing effect- including helping regulate your appetite and weight.
Does CBD Make You Hungry?
Myth: CBD makes you hungry.
Fact: CBD may actually reduce the appetite. One 2018 study suggests that taking CBD products could encourage the body to block off certain receptors that make you feel hungry. This could, in theory, prevent snacking and overeating.
CBD may also promote the breakdown of fats within the body, helping reduce body fat and weight. One study found that CBD oil promotes a process called “browning,” which is when white fatty tissues are turned into brown fat, which is denser and leaner. This study concluded that there was potential for CBD to be a “therapeutic agent” useful for preventing obesity.
Marijuana Weight Loss Facts
Myth: Marijuana users will get fat because they always have the munchies.
Fact: One study actually showed that marijuana users were less likely to gain excess weight than those who never used it. The THC in marijuana (cannabis) may affect the microbiome in the gut, which could help regulate weight. However, choosing unhealthy snacks and having an unbalanced diet can lead to other nutritional and digestive issues.
When it comes to marijuana and weight loss, remember that THC is a psychoactive compound and affects focus and causes a “high” feeling. This makes it undesirable for day to day use, unlike CBD products, which always contain negligible amounts of THC and have no psychoactive effects.
CBD and Weight Loss: Is It All You Need?
No, as with any supplement, CBD is an addition to a healthy lifestyle, not a replacement for other healthy choices. What you eat and your physical activity are still two crucial parts of maintaining overall health. Remember, a healthy weight isn’t about being skinny! It’s about having a weight that’s right for you and supports your body’s natural processes- contact your doctor if you are concerned or confused about what your ideal weight should be.
For most people, the following choices can promote a healthy lifestyle:
- Regular physical activity- less abled people might be able to find supportive exercise routines or exercises that are adapted for reduced mobility.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
- Look for wholegrain cereals and bread.
- Choose healthy sources of protein like lean meats, eggs, and pulses.
- Drink lots of water- sometimes feeling hungry actually means you’re dehydrated.
- Get a good night’s sleep and try and stick to a fixed sleep routine.
As part of a healthy lifestyle like this, taking CBD daily could help to keep you on the road to your ideal weight.
Benefits of Hemp Oil for Weight Loss
Taking hemp-based products like CBD for weight loss is popular because:
- CBD oils and tinctures are convenient and easy to use.
- CBD oil has no known side effects.
- CBD oil is completely natural.
- Many CBD oils are completely organic.
- Oils are easily absorbed by the body, unlike some tablet supplements, which usually have added ingredients.
Of course, CBD isn’t just taken for weight loss. If you decide to use CBD oil for weight loss, what other benefits might you enjoy?
- Lowered stress levels
- Better focus
- Improved sleep
CBD may also promote better overall wellness.
Best CBD Oil for Weight Loss
When choosing CBD oil for weight loss, there are a few things to consider:
- Where does your CBD oil come from?
- Is the product high-quality?
- Look for assurances, such as third-party testing.
- Hemp should be organically grown.
Pure Relief’s CBD products focus on natural relief to life’s problems, via organically grown hemp plants, which are expertly treated to extract the highest quality CBD oil. Every product Pure Relief sells must endure third-party lab testing to ensure it meets and exceeds the current high standards for quality and complies with all the industry regulations.
Taking CBD oil is easy to make a regular part of your wellness routine, and it may even help you regulate or even lose weight. Don’t forget; it doesn’t replace a healthy diet and exercise! But when combined with these things, it could be making your road to weight loss a little easier every day.
When using CBD, weight loss is possible. CBD oil and weight loss are linked because of the effect cannabinoids like CBD have on the body’s endocannabinoid system. CBD could be a useful tool in the battle against obesity.